C的在线OJ（只不过因为较为 aggressive 与排版问题饱受诟病），当然这还远远不够。
从提升个人能力的角度来看，留给我的时间已经不多了，我必须摒弃一切与这个目标相悖的杂事（按优先级看依次是综测、大创、各种竞赛（包括低质量的 CTF ），最后是 GPA（自己的优势有时也是弱点）），以给自己留出尽可能多的时间来学习真正与我的方向相关的，或者是 fundamental 的东西（比如说 OS —— by
关于 OS 这门课，学院的理论课只能说不算差，以应试为主。与此相比，实验课就处在一个十分尴尬的地位，具体理由如下：
nachOS实验的过程中极大地提升了工作效率。为什么这么说呢，因为肯定有同学还是在通过注释之前几个 lab 代码的方式（或者重新 copy 原始的 source ）来写当前 lab 的代码，懂的都懂。
- 过分降低了难度：目前 OS 实验课的方式是结合了 PPT 讲义与演示视频的形式，其中演示视频不可避免的会展示一些
source code，而同学用手机拍摄/录制这段内容是无法避免的，从而实验的难度降格为在不同的 source 中补全部分代码，我们便丧失了
nachOS是一个陈旧的项目，其中许多 lab 的答案随便一搜就能找到，我其实也抄过。
why do I want to be a masochist (by doing PA)
simple, because I enjoy this
Being introduced by
nju_pais absolutely a great course. In compare with
nand2tetrisI previously finished, it is more hard-core but a more smooth learning curve.
I have no more time, I need to acquire more information in a rather short period of time. High information density means high difficulty. Therefore, keeping in touch with something challenging is unavoidable.
In academia, having a deeper understanding of ISA & OS benefits to further research. In engineering, praticing coding skills makes me more competent in both major or non-major students in CS field.
I've already used Linux and built workflow for some time. So I just installed
neovim and clone the source.
Learned some useful git commands like
The Missing Semester of Your CS Education is a good course, bookmarked.
At first I was dumbfounded. Copilot gives some code suggestions, which makes me quickly understand what I need to do. Actually, it is quite easy.
Several months ago I learned regex and I forgot it. It took me 30min to learn it again. Actually the
tokenize step is much easier than compiler section of
Copilot helped me quickly finished the structure of
eval function, but it made a mistake when finding the dominant operator and I spent several hours debugging this.
When it comes to modifying
sdb.c to test a batch of expressions. I mistyped the path to my input file (btw, copilot suggested the path of
yzh's project, which is a privacy issue). At first I don't know I can enable debug info in
static functions increased the difficulty analyzing the assembly instructions when using
gdb. Therefore, it took me nearly an hour to debug this.
Also, I had a hard time tackling the floating point exception (div by 0) in expression generator. My idea is compile and run it, while redirecting exceptions to stderr. If
grep exception stderr_file doesn't return
0, we think the expression is valid. However there are still some exceptions printed in my
stdout_file, finally I've to use another command to filter the output.
perl -pe 's/Floating\ point\ exception\n//g' stdout_file > final_input
eval function is not very hard, one important point is to change a condition to tackle unary operator (like
Implementing watchpoint pool is just some basic linklist operations, copilot did a good job.
However, copilot made a big mistake implementing watchpoint itself, it messed the return value of
check_wp. I spent several hours again debugging this.
Understanding the design of risc-v is tough at first, copilot even decreased my proficiency by 20%, but when I found a book named
RISC-V-Reader-Chinese-v2p1.pdf, things got better. It is actually just some repetitive work.
However there are still something requires patiece and you need to be careful especially when tackling opcodes which entail type conversion. It took me about an hour to debug again.
It's all about fundamental utilities again.
mtrace is quite easy, but
ftrace takes a very long time, including these steps:
- spend a little time to parse args, but failed to find a way to add this new feature to
- spend some time to RTFM
man 5 elf
- spend a lot of time to distinguish
jalropcodes, especially to acertain if I did it correctly because difftesting this is not a easy task. (finally I think it is not very important, maybe a waste of time?)
Successfully find some bugs in
sprintf by testcases from
Writing differential testing is easy and returns a lot, not quite understand why it isn't compulsory.
There is a correspondence in batch tests from a chapter ago:
我们知道, 大部分同学很可能会这么想: 反正我不阅读Makefile, 老师助教也不知道, 总觉得不看也无所谓.
所以在这里我们加一道必做题: 我们之前启动NEMU的时候, 每次都需要手动键入c才能运行客户程序. 但如果不是为了使用NEMU中的sdb, 我们其实可以节省c的键入. NEMU中实现了一个批处理模式, 可以在启动NEMU之后直接运行客户程序. 请你阅读NEMU的代码并合适地修改Makefile, 使得通过AM的Makefile可以默认启动批处理模式的NEMU.
Actually I found it not convenient here, so I get back to this chapter and add it :(